In the security sector, he said that, despite improvements in this sector, it could still be improved if the following conditions are available. First, the strengthening of the authority and capacity of the African Union to complete its deployment and to assume the task of respecting the ceasefire. Secondly, the implementation of disarmament programmes, which have been a major factor in the restoration of peace and security in Darfur. As soon as the ceasefire was respected, it could take place. The government would carry out concrete projects in this regard. An effective disarmament process would require financial and technical support from the international community. Thirdly, to pave the way for full openness of aid and to facilitate the movement of the people of Darfur, in order to normalize life and advance the peace process. Protocol between the Government of Sudan (GOS) and the Sudan People`s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) to resolve the Abyei conflict (26.05.2004) | 88K Published by USIP Library on: June 30, 2004 Source Name: Sudan Ministry of Foreign Affairs Web site Source URL: http::/www.sudanmfa.com/PROTOCOL.doc Date downloaded: June 16, 2004 Ten years ago, Comprehensive Peace (CPA) ended twenty-one years of civil war in Sudan. The internationally negotiated agreement between the ruling National Congress Party (NCP) in the north and Sudan`s rebel forces People`s Liberation Movement and Army (SPLM/A, then SPLM) was hailed as a huge achievement. However, a decade later, an independent South Sudan is plunged into civil conflict, political tensions and rebel violence are frequent in Sudan, and the CPA has failed to achieve peace and stability. The provisions regarding South Kordofan/Nuba and Blue Nile were different from those of Abyei. The key provisions of the agreement did not directly concern the two states, as the PCA expected them to remain in the North.
The two regions, located on the north-south border, were however hard hit by the war, especially after its resumption in 1983. Local complaints about control of the country have led some parts of the population to side with the south. The PCA therefore recognized that any comprehensive regulation must address the problems of these states. They got a slightly different structure of government, with more detailed provisions on state-local government relations and revenue sharing. The PCA has also established a focal commission in each state to address the territorial disputes that have been at the heart of much of the conflict. Finally, a supervisory commission has been set up in each of the two States to study the effects of the implementation of the CPA and the question has been raised of the need to consult the population of both States, without however specifying how or when. Three agreements had to be concluded in order to reach a comprehensive peace agreement: one on permanent ceasefire agreements, the other on the implementation of all signed protocols and the agreement on permanent ceasefire agreements to be concluded, and the other on international/regional guarantees. In signing and implementing the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, the First Vice-President of the Sudan called on the international community to support reconstruction and development efforts so that the Sudanese people can benefit from the peace dividend. Ali Othman Taha called on the Council to call on all countries to lift all economic and trade restrictions or sanctions and to forge active partnerships with Sudan.
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